Difference Between Accounting Concept and Convention

Difference Between Accounting Concept and Convention

Without accounting, a company’s information and resources could be lost. People would not know how much money they have made or where their company stands in regards to competitors because there’s no way for them to get an accurate picture without numbers.

Accounting concepts and conventions are at work when developing financial statements that have accuracy, consistency, as well as the ability to communicate information. There is a difference between concepts and conventions in accounting. The two terms can be misleadingly interchangeable since both deal with information about finances–but one deals more so on an organizational level than another does!

Accounting Concept vs Convention

Accounting concepts are the rules and regulations of accounting, while the convention is how these principles get put into practice.

The accounting concept is a theoretical statement that can be applied in any situation. Accounting convention, on the other hand, has been developed over time to provide an agreed-upon procedure for preparing final accounts amongst various bodies and organizations.

What are Accounting Concepts?

Accounting concepts are the principles that ensure an accurate representation of a company’s finances.

Experts in accounting work are essential for any company that wants to stay afloat. They develop the concepts behind how money moves, as well as final reports at times when businesses need them most!

The major accounting concepts are cost, business entity, accrual, and the four money measurement tools.

What are Accounting Conventions?

Accounting conventions are a set of practices that accountants follow universally. The accounting bodies agree to make adjustments in order for financial statements quality.

As financial reporting becomes more complex, new accounting standards are created to keep up with the changing landscape.

There are a number of popular accounting conventions, including consistency, conservatism, and materiality.

Main Differences Between Accounting Concepts and Accounting Conventions

Accounting concepts and conventions are designed with one goal in mind, which is to improve the readability of financial statements.

Accounting concepts and conventional accounting practices can be difficult to differentiate from each other, but the following is a quick guide on the differences of these two:

– Basic Abstraction

Accounting concepts have a significant impact on the financial statements of businesses. These notions and opinions can be applied during this process for formulating your company’s statement lock stock and barrel!

Whereas, Accounting conventions are the way in which we prepare and present financial statements. They provide a fair view of our company’s information, allowing users to make decisions with confidence about its future prospects.

Accounting concepts are used to answer the question of what should be applied during financial statement preparation.

On the other hand, accountants use accounting conventions to answer the question of how the financial statements should be prepared such that fairness and truth are upheld.

– Formulation Process

There are many accounting bodies, including the government and various organizations that set principles for how businesses do their financial reporting.

Accounting conventions are not set in stone. They’re formulated from common accounting processes of which most people agree, without the backing or approval by governance bodies.

The process of formulation of the accounting conventions and concepts determines whether a term is legally recognized.

– Purpose

The purpose of accounting concepts is to Track and maintain the financial records for a business’s transactions, growth or decline.

The process of interpreting, recording, and classifying transactions in an organization are all concerns that arise with accounting.

Accounting conventions are the set of principles that allow for financial statements to be prepared and presented on an annual basis.

– Legal Recognition

Professional bodies are the driving force behind developing accounting concepts that align with law and other governance measures.

The concepts of accounting are well-recognized by accountants and form the backbone for financial statements.

This allows for both global as well legal recognition within an accounting world, which proves that these principles can have significant impact.

Whereas, Accounting conventions are practices that have been developed for centuries without any governance. Unlike concepts, they lack globally formal recognition by accountants.

So, The lack of legal recognition basically means that the accounting conventions are not globally recognized.

– Bias

Accounting Concepts are the most unbiased form of persuasion. The impartiality of accounting concepts is a fundamental tenet that cannot be compromised. The law backs up this position and it’s impossible to make personal judgments or biases when using these principles for argumentation.

The accounting concepts never fail to deliver the truth. There is no room for bias in their work, and they can be relied upon every time without exception! On top of that, when using conventional conventions there’s always a chance you’ll commit some kind of personal judgment or emotion while making decisions about how best handle an accountancy issue.

Accounting conventions are always open for change. If you’re using any accounting methods that have been around since before your time, it’s possible there are certain biases or judgments embedded within them.

What are the types of Accounting Conventions?

Accounting conventions can be broken down into 4 major type:

– Full Disclosure

Full Disclosure is an important concept in business because it relates to honesty. Full disclosure means submitting the truth, without holding anything back for future use or manipulation of facts by another party who might want them more than you do at this point.

– Materiality

The disclosing party is required by law to provide full, accurate and up-to-date information about themselves.

The company should make sure all relevant details are disclosed in order for investors or potential customers to make an informed decision when it comes time for business transactions with them.

– Consistency

Proper accounting procedures and rules are critical to presenting accurate information about a business. These can be applied consistently over different periods for statistical comparison, which is what makes them so important in the first place!

– Conservatism

Conservatism in accounting is the philosophy that seeks to avoid unwarranted financial risk by sticking with conventional practices.

What are the types of Accounting Concepts?

There are few classes of accounting that cover the major concepts. These can be described as follows:

– Business Entity Concept

A company is an independent entity with its own identity that cannot be attributed back to the owner.

– Going Concern Concept

Accounting practices are designed to account for the perpetuity of a company.

– Accrual Concept

Revenues are recorded when they’re accrued or earned, and expenses are incurred.

– Money Measurement Concept

If you want to measure the success of your company, then it’s important that only transactions which can be monetarily accounted for are listed in an accounting book.

This helps companies understand where they stand financially and what strategies might help them grow even further!

– Dual Aspect Concept

The double-entry system is the foundation of accounting. When you make a transaction, it’s both an asset and expense in two different accounts with this concept per which every entry has 2 aspects to it – one for assets (what was brought) and another side for expenses incurred during that time period when they’re spent or acquired by purchase/sales etc.

– Matching Concept

When you enter money or income into an account during the designated period, it will also be accompanied with its related expenses.

– Realization Concept

The first thing that the company needs to do is offer its products or services. The second step in recording revenues, however, can only occur when these delivered goods are received by clients as revenue for their purchase of those items from this business concern’s inventory.

– Accounting Period Concept

A period in accounting is the time frame for which financial statements are prepared. There’s monthly periods and quarterly ones as well! These help business owners compare their current situation with how it was in previous months or quarters to see if anything has changed since last year – investors might find out what they need before investment decisions based on these reports.


Accounting conventions and concepts are all focused on one thing: preparing the financial statements of a business. While the two accounting terms differ in their basic abstraction, purpose and recognition processes they both operate with a degree of bias. Accounting conventions are a reflection of the underlying concepts.

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