Difference Between Cyclone and Tsunami

Difference Between Cyclone and Tsunami

You are probably familiar with the issues that prevail on the earth. There are natural disasters that take place such as hurricanes, earthquakes, famines, and so on. There are a lot of natural disasters, unfortunately. Tsunamis and cyclones are two that come to mind. They are both kinds of natural disasters. Cyclones and tsunamis are destructive natural disasters that can cause great destruction depending on where they strike. Lower air pressure is connected with cyclones while a tsunami is caused by large waves of water.

Cyclone Vs. Tsunami

A cyclone is a system of winds that rotate inward over an area, producing enough pressure that air becomes too tightly packed to rise. It’s also a type of weather phenomenon known as multi-cyclonic. A cyclone is a damaging storm that causes damage to the land. A tsunami, on the other hand, is a water wave that occurs as a result of or is caused by an earthquake.

Cyclone is the term used for a series of whirlwinds that spin around a center. Wind can be the cause or simply an effect that might have motivated it to evolve. It is not clear exactly where cyclones came from but there are many theories about them. While heavy rainfall is caused by cyclones, it can also cause flooding. Cyclones happen when the earth revolves in a counterclockwise direction in the Northern Hemisphere and a clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere.

Tsunamis are very destructive waves that can cripple coastal areas. They often occur as a result of an earthquake, but they are also caused by turbulence in the ocean or a landslide. The name comes from the Japanese word Tsunami meaning “harbor wave”. Sometimes, a tsunami sweeps across the ocean quickly and with no warning. That can be dangerous and can result in significant damage to the people living nearby.

What is Cyclone?

In ancient Greece, a cyclone was called a “cyclos”, which means “coiling snake”. Ancient greeks created the term after observing their first cyclone. It’s a destructive wind pattern when winds rotate inward around a low-pressure depression. The cyclone’s dynamics can fluctuate, and storms have been observed in parts of the world. They act as a result of water contact and are affected by wind.

A cyclone is classified into six general types:

  • Polar Lows- Polar Lows are difficult to forecast, with a horizontal width or length of up to 1000 kilometers.
  • Polar Cyclone- Polar Cyclone- It’s much less harmful and occurs primarily in less inhabited areas, with a width of up to 2000 kilometers.
  • Extra-Tropical- Extra-Tropical Cyclones are produced by Thunderstorms, which can be aided by gloomy weather.
  • Subtropical- A mid-tropospheric cyclone is required for a subtropical cyclone.
  • Meso Cyclones- Meso Cyclones have a diameter of 2 to 10 kilometers and are rarely considered destructive.
  • Tropical Cyclone- It has a diameter of 4000 kilometers and produces fierce storms and powerful winds.

What is Tsunami?

The term “tsunami” comes from a Japanese term that describes “harbor”. Tsunamis of several types have remarkably similar characteristics, although their intensity varies. This kind of natural calamity occurs most frequently in the Pacific, although it is hard to predict whether or not the violent wave of water will hit a certain spot.

Tsunami damage or destruction is the worst or most destructive. Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes, underwater disturbances, or landslides. Earthquakes happen under the sea when a tsunami forms or develops. The magnitude is up to 28. Water would be forced upwards, with the capability and potential to destroy an entire country.

Difference Between Cyclone and Tsunami

  • Natural disasters, for example, can wreak havoc on your home and life. Natural disasters such as cyclones and tsunamis can cause serious damage to people’s livelihoods that can linger for decades. The name “cyclone” comes from the Greek word “Cyclos”, which means a “coiling snake”, while Tsunami comes from the Japanese term “tsunami”, which means the “harbor”.
  • Natural disasters have the potential to be devastating and hazardous. It is critical to comprehend the significance of these 2 phrases. Storms are something that a lot of people have been going to great lengths to avoid. The intense, severe weather featured in these dangerous cyclones poses a threat to locals who don’t have the resources or know-how on how to protect themselves from them. A Tsunami, on the other hand, is an extreme form of water wave that is caused by earthquake movements.
  • A cyclone can be classified into six categories and can originate in different places of the world. Whereas A tsunami is more likely to occur or occur in the Pacific areas. A cyclone, on the other hand, can be anticipated by scientists, but any tsunami can’t. That means it will be difficult for a scientist to accurately anticipate whether or not a tsunami will impact a location.
  • Some natural calamities are aggressive, but others aren’t. However, the destruction they cause can vary depending on things like what kind of disaster it is and its intensity. Polar Lows, Polar Cyclone, Meso cyclones, Subtropical Cyclone, Tropical Cyclone, and Extratropical Cyclone are the six types of cyclones. While Tsunamis are normally the very same. They are of varying degrees of intensity.
  • Natural catastrophes can cause significant and even fatal harm. The wind causes a cyclone to form. As a result, thunderstorms, rains, and severe winds occur. On the other hand, a tsunami caused by an earthquake might cause an abnormal surge in water levels in numerous bodies of water.


Since natural disasters happen everywhere and affect everyone’s life, it is important to always be prepared. The devastation that comes with natural disasters often becomes overwhelming, but simple steps can help you survive.

The two terms, cyclone and tsunami, are pretty much the same – they are violent and destructive storms that rotate about some zone of low pressure. However, a cyclone is named for its spiral shape while the tsunami is named for the Japanese word for “harbor”.

It is really hard to come back from natural disasters, but that’s because there are so many different levels of destruction. However, the disasters can differ from each other. They range from being just harmful to being deadly.

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