Difference Between Formal Writing and Informal Writing

Difference Between Formal Writing and Informal Writing

Writing is a useful tool for expressing facts, views, beliefs, and a variety of other things. Formal writing and casual writing are both acceptable modes of communication. Depending on the circumstances of the case and the target audience, formal or casual writing styles are used in the writing process.

Formal Writing Vs. Informal Writing

The distinction between formal and informal writing is that formal writing is more professional in character and is primarily used for business or educational reasons, while informal writing is more personal and is used for more casual purposes.

However, the aforementioned distinction is not the only one. A comparison of specific metrics between the two words may provide insight on more nuanced features of the situation:

Formal Writing

Formal writing, as the term implies, refers to writing that is of a formal character. To put it another way, formal writing is composed in accordance with certain writing guidelines. That is to say, formal writing follows a set of principles that must be followed or maintained in perspective throughout the writing process in order for it to be considered formal writing.

Formal writing is reserved for official occasions. There are many different types of formal purposes, but one of the most typical is a circumstance in which a person is not very friendly with the other person to whom the message is being sent, or when a person is writing to someone in an official role. Formal writing is prevalent in all industries, and certain companies may have strict etiquette on what should and should not be included in formal writing, among other things.

In certain cases, formal writing is regarded difficult to write because of the presence of specific norms, such as the use of appropriate terms, the avoidance of repetition of words, the avoidance of any emotional tone or jargon, and other characteristics of writing.

Formal writing is characterized by the use of lengthy and elaborate sentences, as well as the usage of the passive voice. Furthermore, personal pronouns such as “I,” “we,” “you,” and so on shall not be used in professional writing. Formal writing is widely used for corporate reasons, academic purposes, and any other professional goals, among other things. If formal writing is done correctly, it may express a great deal of respect to the person who will be receiving it.

Informal Writing

When it comes to informal writing, as the term implies, it is writing that is of a casual character. In other terms, informal writing is writing that is done in a casual, friendly, or unofficial manner, style, or style of expression.

Informal writing has a lot of colloquialism, which means it contains a lot of casual, informal, pleasant, and maybe even slangy language. The casual style makes extensive use of the active voice, and the emphasis is placed squarely on the topic. Informal writing also makes extensive use of first- and second-person pronouns, such as “I,” “we,” and “you,” among others. In addition, informal writing may have a significant amount of emotional overdose in the discourse.

Informal writing will not have any set guidelines to follow in order to create a conversational atmosphere. Informal writing will be plain and concise in its words and paragraphs. In casual writing, the words may be informally ordered or structured in a variety of ways. If the writing is casual, it is possible that the dialogue will be laced with slang.

Informal writing is typically used for personal, everyday, familiar, or informal communication or discussion. It is also known as conversational writing. If informal writing is not utilized properly, it may even be harmful to the sensibilities of those who are supposed to receive it.

Difference Between Formal Writing and Informal Writing

  • Formal writing conveys a sense of professionalism. Informal writing is intimate and personal.
  • Colloquialisms are not permitted in formal writing. Colloquialism is used often in informal writing.
  • The use of formal writing is common in corporate and professional settings, as well as academic settings. Personal emails are written in an informal style, which is called informal writing.
  • The passive voice will be used in formal writing. The active voice will be used in informal writing.
  • Slang is not permitted in formal writing. Slang may be used in informal writing.
  • Compound sentences and extended phrases will be used in formal writing. Short, direct, and simple phrases will be used in informal writing.


Article writing and essay writing are often confused by the public. This is due to the fact that the word “Essay” is occasionally used to refer to any kind of written production, not only essays. It makes no difference what you write in terms of tone, structure, or style. Its definition may be confused with that of an article, a pamphlet, or a short novella at times.

However, the main difference between an Essay and an Article is that the former is more organized, cohesive, and better researched than the latter. Furthermore, the former conveys the author’s opinions, whilst the later does not.