Science may be found everywhere. We can see it in the food we eat, the air we breathe, the water we drink, and other aspects of our lives. It is the investigation of everything that surrounds us. As we can see, there are several items in our environment that have a variety of features. Graphite and carbon are two materials that are quite close to one another yet vary from one another in a number of ways.
Graphite Vs. Carbon
The distinction between graphite and carbon is that graphite is an allotrope of carbon, which implies that it is carbon. Carbon, on the other hand, is carbon. Although it is chemically identical to carbon, its physical features distinguish it from carbon. Carbon, on the other hand, is just an element with the atomic number 6.
Graphite is an allotrope of carbon, which implies that it is chemically identical to carbon, that it is entirely composed of solely carbon atoms, but that its physical structure is distinct from carbon. Its distinct physical structure distinguishes it from other carbon elements, which is due to its unique physical structure.
Carbon is one of the most essential elements of the 118 elements that have been discovered so far. It is a chemical element with the atomic number six. Carbon is the fundamental building block of most substances, and every living thing must have carbon molecules. It is studied individually because of the significance and scope of the subject. It is known as organic chemistry to investigate the properties of carbon and the molecules formed from it.
Graphite is a kind of carbon known as an allotrope. Carbon may be found in a variety of shapes and forms. Carbon atoms form a crystalline structure, which is known as graphite. It is considered to be thousands of years older than our solar system, and it is the second or third oldest mineral in the universe, it has been utilized by humans for thousands and thousands of years for a variety of reasons throughout history
In graphite, one carbon atom forms a covalent connection with three other carbon atoms, resulting in the formation of a solid. It begins by forming a hexagonal layer of carbon atoms, which is then built-up layer by layer to produce a crystal structure. Metal grey or blackish in hue, with a very soft feel, characterizes this material. It is the supplest of all the materials. It is for this reason that it is utilized as a lubricant.
It may be found in a variety of forms in nature. Amorphous graphite, lump graphite, highly organized pyrolytic graphite, and crystalline graphite are just a few examples of the many diverse types of graphite that may be found. It is also possible to make synthetic graphite that is identical to natural graphite in appearance.
When touched, it has an anisotropic property and feels oily. It also has the ability to conduct electricity. Graphite’s helpful qualities allow it to be used in a variety of applications such as electrodes, lubricants, insulators, and so on. The most frequent use of Graphite may be found in our pencils. It is mined by open pits or subterranean processes in order to make it accessible for a variety of applications.
Carbon is the sixth element in the current periodic table, and it is the most abundant. It is found in the second period of the periodic table and the fourteenth group of the periodic table. It is represented by the letter C, and its atomic number is six. One carbon atom has an atomic mass of 12u, which is the unit of mass. It contains the radioactive elements C-12, C-13, and C-14.
Carbon derives its name from the Latin word ‘carbo,’ which literally translates as coal.
Because of its tetravalent and catenation properties, it can combine with other elements to produce millions of different compounds. These enormous quantities of chemicals are being investigated by many research organizations. Organic compounds and inorganic compounds are the two most prevalent categories into which carbon compounds may be classified.
It is the most plentiful element in the whole universe, ranking third after Hydrogen, Helium, and Oxygen. Graphite, one of Carbon’s allotropes, is the softest known substance, while diamond, another allotrope of carbon, is the hardest known material.
Carbon is found in all living things, making it an essential element for all forms of life on the planet, regardless of location. It is significant in a variety of ways, apart from its role in supporting living organisms. It is a significant component of fossil fuels such as methane and crude oil. Carbon, as a result of these characteristics, is a versatile and significant element among all others.
Difference Between Graphite and Carbon
- Although graphite and carbon are chemically identical, their physical structures are very different from one another. Although graphite has a hexagonal structure, carbon may be found in a variety of other configurations.
- Graphite is only found in a few different forms, all of which are Graphite. Carbon, on the other hand, maybe found in a variety of forms such as diamonds, graphite, and so on.
- The term ‘graphite’ comes from the Greek word graphene, which literally means ‘to write,’ while the word ‘carbon’ comes from the Latin word ‘Carbo,’ which literally translates as ‘charcoal.’
- While graphite is very smooth and conducts electricity, the qualities of carbon are based on the numerous allotropes that it may take on in different environments.
- In pencils, electrodes, and other devices, graphite is utilized as a lubricant. Carbon, on the other hand, has a wide range of applications due to the fact that it exists in so many different forms.
When we strive to comprehend the significance and distinctiveness of each element, chemistry may be a fascinating subject to study. Every element has its own set of characteristics that distinguishes it from the others. There are hundreds of distinct elements, and even a single element may be found in hundreds of various forms, making chemistry a broad topic to learn about and research in-depth.
Carbon is a chemical element that exists in a wide variety of compounds and allotropes. Graphite is a kind of carbon that exists in many different forms. It has the ability to be entirely burned to generate carbon dioxide, demonstrating that it is in fact carbon. Carbon, on the other hand, is the sixth element in the current periodic table. It is the fourth most plentiful element in the universe, and it is the second most prevalent element in the human body, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency. As a result, carbon is the most significant element on the planet.