Difference Between IAS and IPS

Difference Between IAS and IPS

The Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service are two of the most important government services to serve in the country of India. They are also referred to as the IAS and the IPS, respectively. Both positions are very prominent in their own right. The Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service (IPS) get the proper respect and much-needed recognition in the society.


The distinction between the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service is that the former is responsible for policy creation using public administration as a reference point, whilst the latter is responsible for maintaining peace and order in the nation.

As previously said, both positions are quite prominent and come with significant obligations for the well-being and proper functioning of society, as well as the maintenance of peace and order in the governing zones of at least the jurisdictions in which they work.

The second significant distinction is that the training centers are located in various locations.

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is trained at Mussoorie, Uttarakhand, whereas the Indian Police Service (IPS) is trained in Hyderabad, Telangana.

  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS) – Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration
  • Indian Police Service (IPS) – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy

What exactly is IAS?

The Indian Administrative Service officer is appointed by the divisional magistrate after passing the civil service examination and is on a six-month probationary period after being appointed.

Later on, promotions to the positions of a district magistrate, collector, divisional commissioner, and so on take to occur.

The IAS officer is often assigned to the central apex level, where he or she may perform a variety of functions. Cabinet Secretary and joint secretary are only a few of the titles available.

Among the most important responsibilities and mandates of an IAS officer are the formulation of policies and the implementation of such policies via public administration entities.

The IAS officer is also responsible for investigating topics pertaining to income, including its collection and other revenue-related issues. Additionally, situations involving judicial settlements at the federal and state levels fall under their purview.

What exactly is IPS?

In India, the Indian Police Service is comprised of certified civil servants who are among the highest-ranking officers in the police department. The Indian Police Service (IPS) works at both the state and federal levels.

They must get the highest possible score in the UPSC examination.

The functioning structure of an IPS is concerned with issues such as security provisions, public order, law enforcement, criminal investigations, and so on and so forth.

In addition, the IPS officer makes decisions at the level of their area zone on employment, wage marking, other allowances, perquisites, and requisites for their employees.

Difference Between IAS and IPS


  • The function of an IAS officer is similar to that of a head of state, while the role of an IPS officer is similar to that of the head of the police department.
  • The duty of the IAS is to look into policy matters, while the responsibility of the IPS officer is to look into the day-to-day events in the city with regard to the running of the law-and-order system in the city.
  • The investigation of the overall operation of the police agency is carried out by the IPS officer.
  • They examine each and every aspect of the daily operation of criminal records, including its investigations, daily trials, and the appointment of other subordinate officials, among other things.

Controlling Authority and Appointment

  • The IAS includes the departments of public complaints and pensions, as well as the personnel and training of numerous ministries that serve as the country’s governing arms.
  • Meanwhile, the work of an IPS officer is overseen by the Ministry of Home Affairs as well as the government of India itself.
  • The appointment of the IAS officer is carried out by the divisional magistrate, while the appointment of the IPS officer is carried out by the IAS official himself or herself.
  • Also, it was known that the IAS officer’s function is primarily at the administrative level, which necessitates collaboration with a number of other departments.
  • The function of an IPS is primarily concerned with the implementation of administrative agreements that have been settled upon. In addition, the IPS officer is subordinate to the IAS official.


  • The Indian Administrative Service officer is a member of the bureaucratic branch that oversees all of India’s services.
  • The IAS office is responsible for investigating the organization of vigilance and the operations of the central police.
  • For example, research and analysis are two departments that the IAS looks at. The National Security Guard, the Border Security Force, the Central Reserve Police Force, and the Intelligence Bureau are all examples of organizations that provide security.


  • India has a diverse range of cities, and depending on the physical terrain, each city may have one or more Indian Administrative Service officers.
  • However, in most cases, there is only one IAS official in a given territory, although there might be many IPS officers in the same area.
  • As the police agency establishes itself in each and every neighborhood within the city.

Ranks and Compensation

  • The IAS and the IPS have different ranks and pay scales, and their pay scales fluctuate within their respective departments as well.
  • An IAS official starts out on the junior scale and works his or her way up to the senior scale.
  • Although both the positions and the income seem to be increasing, the wage scale of an IPS officer is much lower than that of an IAS official.
  • For an IPS officer, the remuneration range might go up to INR 54,000 per month. The ranks of the IPS officers are detailed in full here: IPS officer ranks explanation.


Both the prestige of the military and the morale boost that it provides encourage people to serve their country.

The accolades and respect that they get as a result of their efforts to study for and sit for the UPSC test are well worth the time and effort they put in around the clock.

The majority of UPSC applicants have their sights set on the IAS level, and they study very hard for their UPSC tests. Every UPC applicant considers IPS as the second-best choice at the very least.

It’s vital to remember that the qualifying requirements for both the IAS and the IPS are 21 years of age in both cases. Additionally, having a university degree is the standard.

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