Difference Between Judgment and Decree

Difference Between Judgment and Decree

The phrases “judgment” and “decree” are legal terminology that is used in a court of law. A country’s laws are a collection of norms that have been developed and imposed by the government. The laws are procedurally practiced and performed, and the manner in which they are implemented reflects the manner in which basic rights obligations are acknowledged.

Judgment Vs. Decree

The difference between a judgment and a decree is that a judgment is a decision made by a court on the basis of the evidence given, but a decree is the formal declaration of that decision made by the judge on the evidence submitted.

The decision might also be referred to as an order in certain cases. For better or worse, a judgment is an announcement made by defining both the parties’ submitted cases on the basis of the case’s history as well as the court’s decision. As a summary of the decision, the decree refers to the explanation of the judgment in its many components. The synopsis is a summary of the case that is provided to both the plaintiff and the defendant.

A plaintiff is a party who has brought a lawsuit or filed a complaint against another party. A defendant is an opposite person that is on the receiving end of the lawsuit.

What exactly is judgment?

A judge or a panel of judges is a governmental official who hears various sorts of matters, including appeals, that fall within their authority. They take into consideration the differing perspectives of the plaintiff and defendant based on the procedures, making findings based on factual evidence offered by applying the laws of the nation in question.

The decision made by the judge in his or her capacity as a member of the legislative body in accordance with the aforementioned standards is referred to as judgment.

Depending on the seriousness of the case and the relevant features, a single or many judgments may be rendered. The jurisprudence is set down in Section 2 (14) of the Code of Civil Procedure Act of 1908, as amended.

What exactly is a Decree?

A decree is the last component of a court decision that has been rendered. The judge renders a decision based on their thorough knowledge of the law and their comprehension of the case.

The decree is the section of the document that specifies the legal rights that the party on the receiving end has to seek more assistance, such as by appealing to a higher court or reopening their case for additional inquiry.

Simply expressed, a decree is a legal right that includes both written and verbal explanations, according to the interpretation provided by Section 2 (2) of the Code of Civil Procedure Act of 1908. In addition, there is just one decree. The legal rights that have been established cannot be altered.

Difference Between Judgment and Decree

To move on from the question of “what is meant by judgment”, it is important to understand that judgment is the act of the court announcing its decision based on the legal limits that have been agreed upon between the plaintiff and the defendant in a trial or in an appellate court.

The decree is subject to subsequent processes if and when they are necessary, with the understanding that the court will provide information on the determination of further rights. It is critical that a lawsuit be submitted and detailed correctly and completely.

Parties’ legal rights in a transaction

A judgment is concerned primarily with factual evidence and its representations, and it is not concerned with the legal rights that the parties may or may not have. According to the constitutional idea, everyone has equal rights to make use of the civil codes of law that have been established.

However, a judgment is merely a final decision based on jurisprudence and case hearings that are binding on all parties involved. The decree is the last portion of the decision which deals with rights.

Hence we can say that judgment does deal with rights as well but at a written level. The explanation is done through the announcement of a decree.

Clarity on rights

A judgment is also crispy, to the point and absolutely irrevocable hence the rights are not spelled out when the judgment is given.

But the Decree is mainly an ascertaining of the detailed rights of the plaintiff based on their case future decided by the judge through their pronounced judgment. A decree is a narration of the rights both the parties have in the court of law. The decree is partly shared completely, it depends. But the judgment has to be read out to its actuality.


Judgment has more to with the step-by-step procedures from the understanding and conclusion derived from the hearing of both the parties involved.

The decree is a presentation of the represented judgment through the substantive announcement of the legal, fundamental, constitutional, and any other applicable rights the plaintiff and defendant can avail.


The judgment of the court cannot be appealed, cross-questioned in that particular court of law. The appeal can be done by going to the higher court in the hierarchy but not at that given moment. The Decree can be appealed to get clarity on the rights if unclear.

A decree can or may not be appealable. In short, a judgment cannot be appealed while a decree can be appealed.


Concluding, the decree is a component of judgment and needs to be passed through the presentation of the suit of the plaint.

The suit is the writing part of a complaint and plaint is the complaint itself. The passed decree is like an approval nod prior to the case presentation.

The decree is added as the last component when a judgment is pronounced as everyone has equal rights to avail of their government laws irrespective of whether they are at fault or not.

Ending with one final understanding that both judgment and decree are given by the civil court and formally expresses a decision taken.