Difference Between Pharisees and Sadducees

Difference Between Pharisees and Sadducees

Christianity is a monotheistic religion founded on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth about the meaning of life. Christians are those who believe in Christianity and practice it. Religions are widely practiced all throughout the globe, and Christianity is one of the most widely practiced. Christianity is comprised of a number of different beliefs.

The teachings of Christianity include: loving God, loving one’s surroundings, loving one’s enemies, believing that only God can forgive sins of humans and thus asking for forgiveness, believing that Jesus Christ is the Messiah and has been given the authority to forgive sins of humans, believing that forgiveness is the key to humility, and believing in God will purify the soul.

The Bible is the holy book of Christianity, in which the beliefs, teachings, preaching, and other aspects of Christianity were laid down by Christ himself. Although his followers made some improvisations or interpreted the teachings according to their own preferences, the fundamentals of Christianity remained unchanged. Different sects were formed as a result of differing religious views.

According to the Bible, Jesus was a human person, and as such, he had certain adversaries, individuals, or groups that were regarded to be hostile to Jesus, such as the Pharisees and Sadducees, among others.

Pharisees Vs. Sadducees

The primary distinction between Pharisees and Sadducees is that Pharisees believed in supernatural elements of religion, such as angels, devils, hell, or heaven, whilst Sadducees do not believe in such elements of religion at all.

What are Pharisees?

Pharisees were members of religious groups for workers who, according to the Bible, were at odds with Jesus Christ over his interpretation of the law. When it comes to political parties in the new testament, they are the most powerful religious group.

The term “Pharisees” literally translates as “separated ones”, and it is thought that Pharisees secluded themselves from society in order to teach law. Some of them also feel that they withdrew themselves from society because they thought themselves to be religiously unclean, which they believe is incorrect.

The Pharisees were founded by the Maccabees, and their primary mission was to teach written and oral law while emphasizing the importance of Judaism. In the opinion of some historians, the Pharisees lived a modest existence and were influential across the land of Israel. They seemed to be loving and modest in their manner. They placed a significant deal of emphasis on oral history.

Synagogues, which were established by Pharisees as sites of Jewish gathering and instruction, eventually became focal points for local worship and education. Their religious system was more focused on external appearances than on actual faith.

When compared to Jesus’ views, the Pharisees’ beliefs included the resurrection of the body, life after death, the concept that God should be worshipped and worshipped even outside of the temple, education, oral teachings, and other aspects of life. After forming an alliance with the Sadducees, the Pharisees plotted to assassinate Jesus.

What are Sadducees?

Sadducees were members of a religious order in Israel that had all rights, with the exception of military authority. They were mostly Jewish nobles who were infamous for their immoral behavior as well as their devotion to God. It is thought that their name was taken from the name of the high priest of the Old Testament, Zadok.

In accordance with the Bible, the Sadducees exercised significant authority over two institutions, namely, the Sanhedrin and the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. The Sanhedrin was the governing and legal body of the Jews, and it was ruled by a high priest who was generally a king-like power who was usually a Sadducee, who was in charge of the body.

According to the Bible, the Sadducees were referred to as a “brood of vipers”, and Jesus referred to them as a “wicked and adulterous generation”. Jesus also mentioned the Sadducees and cautioned their followers about the dangers of following their doctrines. Sadducees were adamant in their opposition to Jesus, and as a result, they joined forces with Pharisees to plot against him.

One of the most distinguishing characteristics of the Sadducees is that the majority of its members were aristocrats or nobles by birth. It is thought that the Sadducees had strong relations with the political authorities in Rome, and as a result, they had significant influence over the city’s political structure.

Sadducee beliefs include the following: belief in the Bible, with an emphasis on the first five books of Moses; belief that God had no role in human lives and that all matters were in the hands of people; rejection of the idea of supernatural things such as angels, demons, devils, hell, or heaven; and strict prohibition of the oral tradition of the Pharisees, among other things.

Difference between Pharisees and Sadducees

  • The Pharisees believed in the concept of the resurrection of the body, but the Sadducees did not believe in the concept of the resurrection of the body. 2.
  • Secondly, the Pharisees believed in supernatural components such as hell and heaven, as well as demons, angels, and so on; while, the Sadducees did not believe in such conceptions.
  • The oral traditions of teaching the law were a part of the Pharisees’ teachings and beliefs. The teachings and beliefs of the Sadducees, on the other hand, were in opposition to the oral tradition of imparting the law.
  • The Pharisees were deeply committed to the cultural traditions of Judaism, whilst the Sadducees were more concerned with politics and other areas of life other than the military.
  • According to contemporary language, Pharisees were referred to as “new money”, whilst Sadducees were referred to as “old money”, according to modern nomenclature.
  • The Pharisees were associated with the ordinary people of Jewish culture, whilst the Sadducees were associated with aristocrats and noblemen.


Both the Pharisees and the Sadducees were influential factions in Israeli culture and politics throughout the period of the Old Testament.

Both of them had diverse religious views and doctrines, and their methods were distinct from one another; nonetheless, their ultimate purpose was most likely to worship God.

Like the Sadducees who opposed the notion of oral law teachings, both of them reacted negatively to one other’s beliefs and teachings as well.

Both of them had other characteristics as well, such as a dislike for Jesus, which led to a conspiracy against him and a desire for his death, since the teachings and beliefs of Jesus were more influential than those of the Pharisees and Sadducees, and they were distinct from both of them.