Difference Between Prunes and Dates

Difference Between Prunes and Dates

Even when dried, prunes and dates may resemble one another, but they are in fact completely distinct fruits. Unlike prunes, which are dried plums, dates may be eaten fresh or dry. Even though they’re from different species, cultivated in different climates, they’re both packed with nutrients and offer incredible health advantages.

Prunes Vs. Dates

It is the kind of prune or date that sets them apart. Because they come from two distinct species, their look, flavor, and utility are all rather distinct.

Dried plums are known as “prunes”, which are really a kind of plum. Peaches, cherries, almonds, and apricots are all cousins. Prunus is the genus and subgenus for prunes in biological taxonomy. Prunes are used in a variety of sweet and savory cuisines across the globe, both as dried fruit and an ingredient. The vitamins and micronutrients in these foods are plentiful.

Various parts of the globe produce dates, which are the fruit of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera). They are members of the Phoenix genus. Dates are nutrient-dense food that may be eaten fresh or dried and can be utilized in a broad range of recipes.


Prunes are dried plums, often from the European plum tree, that has been drained of their juice (Prunus domestica).

Some of the best places to grow them are in the Western United States (California, Oregon) and Japan (East Asia). Prunes are mostly grown in China and India. Chile, on the other hand, was last year’s top fruit exporter, according to the Observatory of Economic Complexity.


  • Prunes are a good source of vitamin A, which helps with eyesight.
  • Prunes, which are high in potassium, aid in maintaining a healthy heart and neurological system.
  • The cell membranes are shielded from radical damage by antioxidants.
  • Prunes include a considerable quantity of fiber and sorbitol, which aid digestion and promote regular bowel movements, thereby alleviating constipation.
  • Prunes are an excellent source of boron, which supports bone development and is beneficial for arthritis sufferers.
  • Prunes have enough vitamins (B, C, and others) to maintain hair and skin health and radiant.


The fruit of the Date Palm tree is called a date (Phoenix dactylifera). They are dioecious, with separate plants for the sexes. Dates come in a variety of colors and shapes, ranging from yellow to red and measuring 3-7cm in diameter.

Date palms may grow to a height of up to 23 meters. For this reason, they may thrive in tropical and subtropical temperatures across the globe. A majority of their production occurs in North Africa (Djibouti), the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia), and South Asia. In terms of production, Egypt ranked first, followed by Tunisia, and then Iraq, according to FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization).

When it comes to date-based dishes, Middle Eastern cuisine has a unique place in the hearts of many.


The 80 percent sugar content of dates means that they may be used as a replacement for ordinary sugar and so aid with weight reduction.

  • Dates are cholesterol-free and low in fat, so they maintain our hearts in good shape and prevent heart disease.
  • Dates, which are high in protein, are an essential part of a healthy diet for building and maintaining muscle mass.
  • Dates are rich in selenium, manganese, copper, and magnesium, all of which help to prevent osteoporosis.
  • Healthy teeth are another benefit of dates, thanks to the fluorine content.
  • The iron in dates helps to battle anemia and purify the blood.
  • Vitamin C and D in dates have an anti-aging impact on the skin and inhibit the buildup of melanin.
  • Dates are a good source of fiber, which aids with digestion.

Difference between Prunes and Dates

  • Plum trees, in particular the European Plum (Prunus domestica), provide prunes while date palms produce dates.
  • The genus Prunus is associated with prunes, whereas the genus Phoenix is associated with dates.
  • Dates, on the other hand, maybe eaten both fresh and dried.
  • Dry and Temperate Monsoon conditions produce prunes, whereas tropical and subtropical areas yield dates.
  • In comparison to dates, prunes are a much less popular fruit over the globe.
  • Prunes and dates are two foods that many people have never heard of, despite their widespread usage in cuisines across the globe.


The energy, vitamins, and minerals found in prunes and dates come from different parts of the fruit, yet they’re all essential to human health. A diet rich in these fruits may aid in the prevention and treatment of a wide range of illnesses. Alternatively, they may be utilized in a variety of cuisines, such as date chutney or prunes in a dessert. However, artificial sweeteners may be used in the processing to enhance the sweetness of these fruits, which might be harmful to your health. Because of this, buyers should carefully verify the product information given by the producers.

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