Difference Between Public Sector and Public Limited Company

Difference Between Public Sector and Public Limited Company

The public sector is the governing body of a country, while the public limited company is a private enterprise that offers shares to the general public. Public sector organizations are funded by taxation, while shares finance public limited companies. The public sector must provide goods and services for everyone while the public limited company does not have this responsibility.

The public sector is the government, which is run by the state. The public sector can either be national or local. A public limited company is a private company that shareholders own. The public sector has the power to tax and spend money, while public limited companies have to pay taxes and can’t spend money unless shareholders approve it.

The public sector has a monopoly over certain services, while public limited companies can offer any service so long as they have enough resources. The public sector is a government-owned organization. It is not for profit, and it has a limited number of shareholders. A public limited company is a company that sells shares to the public.

Public Sector Vs. Public Limited Company

Public sector organizations and public limited companies are two different types of organizations. Public sector organizations are establishments that serve the public and are part of the government. They provide a wide range of education, healthcare, transport, etc. In contrast, public limited companies are private enterprises that profit in the marketplace.

The public sector is funded by taxes and can spend money on anything they want without reporting to shareholders. Governments or local authorities usually set up public sector organizations. Public limited companies are funded by shareholders and have to say their earnings to them at the end of every year. They have a limit on what they can spend, and if they want more money, they need to get it from their shareholders.

The public sector is a type of organization owned by the state. It provides public goods or services to the general public. Public limited companies are organizations owned by shareholders and not by the state.

What is Public Sector?

The public sector refers to all levels of government, from the smallest unit, like a town or city, to the largest ones like the federal government. The Public Sector is the third of three main types of Common Law jurisdictions that account for most countries. There are two other primary forms, administrative justice, and private law; however, they represent minority views in today’s world with relatively few nations.

The term “Various” is often used to describe the public sector, as most laws refer clearly to a Principal Governors from which all departments (including agencies/sub-departments and offices/divisions), local or FCO bodies must operate. Most governments are either democracies with some form of judicial review or monarchical where the same rules for royal succession would apply between different regions of a realm.

There is considerable variation between different legal systems regarding the terminology, concepts, and organizational structures of the ‘public sector’ with many countries drawing very closely on common law precedent from England.

Public Sector Accounting refers to:

  • Financial statements prepared by Governments
  • Audited reports for Government enterprises (i.e., an externally audited report).
  • It can refer to administered national accounts in development economics tied up with the public sector.

What is a Public Limited Company?

A public limited company is a business structure similar to a corporation but with a few crucial distinctions. Unlike a corporation owned by shareholders who elect directors, a public limited company is owned by its members, who are the people who own shares in the company. This means that the members have direct control over the company’s decisions and can elect or remove directors at any time. Public limited companies also have fewer legal restrictions on their activities, which means they can perform the same functions as a corporation.

Shareholders have limited rights to expel members if they don’t pay their share of any dividends or fail to follow what was agreed between the company and its shareholders. They also have a “right of the audience,” which means that members can attend the company’s meetings as though they were attending their own. Public limited companies are best suited for organizations with at least above-average revenue, average assets, and an annual income greater than $10m per year.

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are agreements between the public and private companies to undertake specific projects. The two primary forms of PPPs are private finance initiative (PFI) and public-private partnership (PPP).

Difference Between Public Sector and Public Limited Company

  • A public sector organization is owned by the public, while a public limited company is owned by its members.
  • Members of a public sector organization can vote to remove directors, but shareholders in a public limited company have fewer voting rights and cannot expel members.
  • Public-sector organizations are generally designed to serve the general interests of society as a whole, while private-sector organizations are typically intended to serve the interests of their shareholders.
  • Public-sector organizations can carry out more activities than public limited companies, including owning and operating businesses.
  • Private sector organizations are generally required to have a balance sheet that shows a positive net worth, while public sector organizations typically do not have these exact financial requirements.


Having a company registered as either public or private sector will allow participants to interact differently. While both companies may be very similar structurally, they are very different operationally and consequently have their own set of risks associated with them. The public sector has more independence from democracy compared to the private sector. There are significant differences between a Public Sector and a Public Limited company. These differences can be easily known by taking basic knowledge about both organizations, thus making a choice easier for employees in need of suitable placements.

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