Difference Between Manual and Computerized Accounting

Difference Between Manual and Computerized Accounting

The primary distinction between manual and automated accounting is that manual accounting involves keeping track of all financial transactions in a register or an accounting book, while computerized accounting involves keeping track of all financial transactions in accounting software.

Manual accounting is time-consuming; on the other hand, automated accounting is much more efficient. Calculation errors are possible in manual accounting, but they are not possible in automated accounting.

What is Manual Accounting?

The paper-based financial systems such as vouchers, journals, and account books were used to store and analyze financial transactions prior to the introduction of the computerized financial system. Accountants performed all accounting processes by hand prior to the introduction of the computerized financial system. This strategy is still used by a few small organizations and corporations today.

A manual method is more cost-effective than a computerized system since it does not need the purchase of computers and software or the training of staff.

It is also possible that a manual method will be more secure since it will not be necessary to upload data from the IRS or accountants over the internet using a manual approach. In contrast to a computerized accounting system, the manual accounting system is not hampered by the fact that it can function even when there is no power.

The manual accounting system, on the other hand, is susceptible to human mistakes, such as figure transposition or the omission of a transaction, among other things.

In manual accounting, you’ll need a plan for identifying and resolving mistakes as quickly as possible. It is possible to put a calculator tape on each page of the general ledger and journal to ensure that the totals are correctly recorded.

What is Computerized Accounting?

In a computerized accounting system, computers and software are used to record financial transactions.

According to the software’s design specifications, it will track the company’s accounting transactions, with the goal of producing monthly financial reports, tax return information, annual financial statements, and other financial report configurations that analyze a company’s efficiency, profitability, and operations, as well as other types of financial report configurations.

The two most important requirements are as follows:

  • A correct technique of running the system in order to store and process the data is defined as 1. Operating procedure:
  • Accounting framework: This comprises a grouping structure as well as guidelines for record-keeping and record-keeping.

Companies that use computerized accounting software may configure the program to suit company entities located in different geographic locations, several currencies, and multiple branches that offer a variety of different goods and services.

Minimizing errors, improving productivity, lowering operational expenditures, and producing higher-quality work are some of the advantages of computerized accounting.

Difference Between Manual and Computerized Accounting


Computerized accounting systems are much more efficient than manual accounting methods in terms of speed. It is possible that the time necessary to input data will be about the same for both methods. A computerized method, on the other hand, assists users in tallying the results.

It is far faster for computers to create reports, and you can easily alter settings by just clicking and selecting choices rather than having to input complete columns of figures. Computerized systems are vulnerable to glitches and faults, which might cause you to experience a slowed response time.

Despite the fact that manual systems create data at a slower pace, you can readily forecast how long it will take to accomplish certain activities when utilizing a manually operated system.


The computer’s hardware must be dependable in order to be able to access the data stored in computerized systems. If the system freezes or crashes, it may be hard to get access to the information.

You may reduce the likelihood of this happening by keeping your software up to date and your PCs in good working order. On the other hand, you never know when your system will be up and running again.

Manual accounting is carried out in ledgers that are always accessible for viewing and use by the accountant. Although it is unlikely, tangible documents may be damaged or misplaced. Manual records may be photocopied in order to back up the data, but the process of backing up digital information is simpler.


  • In a manual accounting system, the computations are completed by the business owner or accountant. They manually add and deduct the transactions from the ledger. In computerized accounting, on the other hand, the computations are performed automatically by the program.
  • In manual accounting, transactions are identified on a yearly basis. Computerized accounting systems recognize and categorize transactions on their own.
  • The manual accounting method requires that the balances of accounts be recorded manually in the ledger, and as a result, the trial balance must be created manually as well. When using a computerized accounting system, the trial balance is generated automatically.
  • When you produce a trial balance manually, you must wait until it is necessary; but, with computerized accounting, the trial balance is always accessible upon request.

More info about Manual and Computerized Accounting

What makes a computerized system superior to a manual method?

When compared to a manual system, a computerized system is superior for the following reasons:

  • Response time: The most significant distinction between hands-on and computerized methods is response time. The audit software program not only refines the information and generates reports considerably more quickly than manual systems, but it also allows for far quicker data input than manual methods
  • Accuracy: Manual accounting is time-consuming and inefficient. Accounting experts can analyze more information than they ever have before thanks to the use of computerized bookkeeping systems, which generate accurate financial records.
  • Automation: When compared to digital accounting, manual accountancy is more time-consuming and labor-intensive. You must add columns in the correct order, double-check your work, and physically put numbers into the spreadsheet.
  • Assimilation of accounting with other business operations: Accounting is intertwined with other business processes, such as those involving purchasing and selling goods, banking, and taxation, among others. In electronic accounting, it is only required to input data once, and all of the included operations are taken care of in the same manner.
  • Data accessibility: The digital audit makes it possible to get data quickly. Yes, the automated method outperforms the manual approach in many ways.

What is the difference between computer files and manual files?

Paper management software, when used in conjunction with disaster recovery software, ensures that all of your papers may be restored by a simple “restore from backup” action in the case of a physical disaster at the business.

The following are the primary advantages of digital document monitoring:

  • Electronic file administration relieves your team of the tedium of mass paper filing, while straightforward additional features help to simplify work practices.
  • Because of the robust declaration of adaptability, the same document may be filed under many references, such as Document Number, Name, and Day, which would not be conceivable with paper documents.
  • by integrating the declaring of additional electronic data, in addition to paper records, you may achieve one consistent and logical declaring structure for all of your files.

What characteristics may be seen in automated accounting?

The following are the characteristics of computerized accounting:

  • Automation
  • Precision
  • Reliability
  • Information Availability and Accessibility
  • Scalable
  • Safety and security
  • Faster
  • Visuals
  • Cost-effective

What are the many kinds of accounting software available to you?

Accounting systems may be divided into four groups based on the kind of processes they perform.

  • Systems for invoicing and billing.
  • Payroll administration systems are number two on the list.
  • Enterprise resource planning systems (ERP)
  • Systems for tracking time and expenditures

In what ways does a computerized accounting system differ from a traditional accounting system?

The following are the typical components of a computerized accounting system:

  • The transactions of the organization are analyzed.
  • The transactions are entered into the system.
  • Entries are posted to the appropriate ledger accounts.
  • A test balance is constructed using the accounts’ equilibrium positions.
  • The accounts are examined, and any necessary modifications are implemented.
  • The modifications are posted to the ledger in order to produce the amended trial equilibrium.
  • The yearly report, as well as the income and loss account, are both prepared using the readjusted test equilibrium formula.
  • Financial Statements are generated using the most recent readjusted ledger and after the accounts have been balanced.


Both manual and electronic methods have their advantages and disadvantages to consider. Automated systems, on the other hand, make labor more manageable, which is particularly beneficial for big firms.

Because the number of financial transactions increases on a daily basis, it is difficult to keep track of accounts while utilizing a manual accounting system. Each transaction in the impacted accounts must be updated individually, which will take more time and effort.

Manual methods are excellent for small enterprises, but they are inefficient in large corporations that conduct a large number of financial transactions.

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